French Revolution - HISTORY

 

french revolution outline

The French Revolution was a revolution in France from to The result of the French Revolution was the end of the monarchy. King Louis XVI was executed in The revolution ended when Napoleon Bonaparte took power in November In , he became prehnlads.cfon: Kingdom of France. The French Revolution (French: Révolution française [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its colonies beginning in The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, catalyzed violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship under Napoleon who brought many of its principles to Location: Kingdom of France. Sep 05,  · French Revolution, revolutionary movement that shook France between and and reached its first climax there in —hence the conventional term ‘Revolution of ,’ denoting the end of the ancien regime in France and serving also to distinguish that event from the later French revolutions of and


French Revolution - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in and ended in the late s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. The upheaval was caused by widespread discontent with the French monarchy and the poor economic policies of King Louis XVI, who met his death by guillotine, as did his wife Marie Antoinette. Although it failed to achieve all of its goals and at times degenerated into a chaotic bloodbath, the French Revolution played a critical role in shaping modern nations by showing the world the power inherent in the will of the people.

Not only were the royal coffers depleted, french revolution outline, french revolution outline two decades of poor harvests, french revolution outline, drought, cattle disease and skyrocketing bread prices had kindled unrest among peasants and the urban poor.

Many expressed their desperation and resentment toward a regime that imposed heavy taxes — yet failed to provide any relief — by rioting, looting and striking. The non-aristocratic members of the Third Estate now represented 98 percent french revolution outline the people but could still be outvoted by the other two bodies. In the lead-up to the May 5 meeting, the Third Estate began to mobilize support for equal representation and the abolishment of the noble veto—in other words, they wanted voting by head and not by status.

While all of the orders shared a common desire for fiscal and judicial reform as well as a more representative form of government, the nobles in particular were loath to give up the privileges they enjoyed under the traditional system. By the time the Estates-General convened at Versailles, the highly public debate over its voting process had erupted into hostility between the three orders, eclipsing the original purpose of the meeting and the french revolution outline of the man who had convened it.

On June 17, with talks over procedure stalled, the Third Estate met alone and formally adopted the title of National Assembly; three days later, they met in a nearby indoor tennis court and took the so-called Tennis Court Oath serment du jeu de paumevowing not to disperse until constitutional reform had been achieved, french revolution outline.

Within a week, most of the clerical deputies and 47 liberal nobles had joined them, and on June 27 Louis XVI grudgingly absorbed all three orders into the new assembly. On June 12, as the National Assembly known as the National Constituent Assembly during its work on a constitution continued to meet at Versailles, fear and violence consumed the capital.

Though enthusiastic about the recent breakdown of royal power, Parisians grew panicked as rumors of an impending military coup began to circulate. A popular insurgency culminated on July 14 when rioters stormed the Bastille fortress in an attempt to secure gunpowder and weapons; many consider this event, now commemorated in France as a national holiday, as the start of the French French revolution outline. The wave of revolutionary fervor and widespread hysteria quickly swept the countryside.

Revolting against years of exploitation, peasants looted and burned the homes of tax collectors, landlords and the seigniorial elite.

Drafting a formal constitution proved much more of a challenge for the National Constituent Assembly, french revolution outline had the added burden of functioning as a legislature during harsh economic times.

For instance, who would be responsible for electing delegates? French revolution outline the clergy owe allegiance to the Roman Catholic Church or the French government? Perhaps most importantly, how much authority would the king, his public image further weakened after a failed attempt to flee the country in Junefrench revolution outline, retain?

This compromise did not sit well with influential radicals like Maximilien de RobespierreCamille Desmoulins and Georges Danton, who began drumming up popular support for a more republican form of government and for the french revolution outline of Louis XVI. On the domestic front, meanwhile, the political crisis took a radical turn when a group of insurgents led by the extremist Jacobins attacked the royal residence in Paris and arrested the king on August 10, french revolution outline, The following month, amid a wave of violence in which Parisian insurrectionists massacred hundreds of accused counterrevolutionaries, the Legislative Assembly was replaced by the National Convention, which proclaimed the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of the French republic.

On January 21,it sent King Louis XVI, french revolution outline, condemned to death for high treason and crimes against the state, to the guillotine; his wife Marie-Antoinette suffered the same fate nine months later. In Junethe Jacobins seized control of the National Convention from the more moderate Girondins and instituted a series of radical measures, including the establishment of a new calendar and the eradication of Christianity.

They also unleashed the bloody Reign of Terror la Terreura month period in which suspected enemies of the revolution were guillotined by the thousands. Many of the killings were carried out under orders from Robespierre, who dominated the draconian Committee of Public Safety until his own execution on July 28, Executive power would lie in the hands of a five-member Directory Directoire appointed by parliament.

Royalists and Jacobins protested the new regime but were swiftly silenced by the army, french revolution outline, now led by a young and successful general named Napoleon Bonaparte.

By the late s, the directors relied almost entirely on the military to maintain their authority and had ceded much of their power to the generals in the field. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Subscribe for french revolution outline stories connecting the past to the present. Fact: The key meeting to plan the French Revolution took place on a tennis court. Tired of being The young couple soon came to symbolize all of the excesses of the reviled French monarchy, and Marie Antoinette herself became the target of a great deal The Louisiana city of New Orleans still retains much of its French-infused heritage, and When American colonists won independence from Great Britain in the Revolutionary War, the French, who participated in the war themselves, were both french revolution outline allies and key participants.

Several french revolution outline after the revolt in America, French revolution outline reformists faced political, social and In that time, he transformed the monarchy, french revolution outline, ushered in a golden age of art and literature, presided over a dazzling royal court at Though the Macron administration has made This Day French revolution outline History, french revolution outline.

French Revolution. Origins of the French Revolution. Really a Revolution? Lessons of the Revolution.

 

French Revolution | Causes, Facts, & Summary | prehnlads.cf

 

french revolution outline

 

Kids learn about the history of the French Revolution including causes, major events, Reign of Terror, National Assembly, symbols, famous people, Storming of the Bastille, and facts. Educational article for students, schools, and teachers. The French Revolution of had many long-range causes. Political, social, and economic conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French people-especially those of the third estate. French voters approved of this overwhelmingly Why did they have a revolution only to elect another king/emperor? THE GREAT MILITARY CAMPAIGN TO CONQUER ALL OF EUROPE Very aggressive and determined style of leadership The continent’s biggest army, best equipped – His navy is destroyed soundly by Admiral Nelson at Trafalgar, off of Spain.